Brief History: Reforming India.
India’s federal constitutional republic is governed under a parliamentary system throughout states and union territories. Sub-continental area of India is bounded by Arabian Sea, Indian Ocean and The Bay of Bengal. Indian territory is connected to its seven neighboring countries like Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar (Burma formarly Bramhadesh), Pakistan, China and Bangladesh.
Officially known as Republic of India, India has many names like Bhāratvarsh, Bhārat Gaṇarājya, Bhārat, Hindustan and many more… Area-wise, India is the 2nd largest country in Asia and also the 7th largest country of the world. Over 1.3 billion population makes india the second-most populous country, and the most populous democracy of the world.
Before 15th August 1947, India was divided in three rulers (i) British Territories (ii) Princely States (iii) French and Dutch colonies. 565 indigenous princely states believed in their individual governance which was the biggest obstacle. India’s Home Minister Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel played a significant role and coerced them to join Indian constitution.
As per land area acquisition, Rajasthan is the biggest and Goa is the smallest state in India.
Newly formed Union Territory of Jammu & Kashmir has two capitals- 1. Srinagar (in summer) & 2. Jammu (in winter).
The complete and simplified lists of states & Union Territories in India.
In the below-given table, you’ll find (1) Names of States and Union Territories, (2) Capital of each region, (3) Total number of districts and (4) Total area (mentioned in square kilometer) of each region.
|E||Name||No. of Districts||Capital||Area- sqkm|
|UT||Andaman and Nicobar Islands||3||Port Blair||8,073|
|UT||Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu||3||Daman||603|
|UT||Jammu and Kashmir||20||Srinagar (S), Jammu (W)||42,241|
|UT||NCT of Delhi||11||Delhi||11297|